Thursday, July 21, 2005

I shouldn't laugh

Wednesday, July 20, 2005

Serious abuses in psychiatric hospitals

Bulgarian for example : "Seclusion and immobilization are age-old problems within psychiatry"

Dolls on chains this is how in 1997 the BHC described 48 women diagnosed with schizophrenia and mental retardation from the home for mentally disabled women in Gorno Varshilo, a small village near the southern town of Septemvri. Dog chains - and not drugs - were used to control them.
Google Search: Fixation psychiatry tie belt strap

deprivation of liberty and other coercive measures in psychiatry.

Google Search: immobilisation psychiatry tie belt strap

WOEXP: 119 - Fixation versus word recognition

WOEXP: 119 - Fixation versus word recognition

which lead to The Science of Word Recognition

Evidence from the last 20 years of work in cognitive psychology indicate that we use the letters within a word to recognize a word. Many typographers and other text enthusiasts I’ve met insist that words are recognized by the outline made around the word shape. Some have used the term bouma as a synonym for word shape, though I was unfamiliar with the term. The term bouma appears in Paul Saenger’s 1997 book Space Between Words: The Origins of Silent Reading. There I learned to my chagrin that we recognize words from their word shape and that “Modern psychologists call this image the ‘Bouma shape.’”

This paper is written from the perspective of a reading psychologist. The data from dozens of experiments all come from peer reviewed journals where the experiments are well specified so that anyone could reproduce the experiment and expect to achieve the same result. This paper was originally presented as a talk at the ATypI conference in Vancouver in September, 2003.

The goal of this paper is to review the history of why psychologists moved from a word shape model of word recognition to a letter recognition model, and to help others to come to the same conclusion. This paper will cover many topics in relatively few pages. Along the way I will present experiments and models that I couldn’t hope to cover completely without boring the reader. If you want more details on an experiment, all of the references are at the end of the paper as well as suggested readings for those interested in more information on some topics. Most papers are widely available at academic libraries.

I will start by describing three major categories of word recognition models: the word shape model, and serial and parallel models of letter recognition. continues The Science of Word Recognition

Average saccade length and fixation times vary by language. The data presented here are for American English readers. While the values vary by language, it is remarkable that reading cognitive processes change so little from language to language.

Metropolis :: About Metropolis

Mission: "The main goal of the association is to better control the development process of metropolitan areas in order to enhance the wellbeing of their citizens. To do this, Metropolis represents regions and metropolitan areas at the worldwide level and is recognized as a major player by large international organizations such as the UN, WHO, the World Bank and others. "

Time - web radio Originally aired November 9, 2004 on San Francisco's KALW (91.7 FM)

"What is it?
Time is the most familiar thing in the world, and yet philosophically one of the most puzzling. Is the present what's left when you subtract what has already happened, and what is yet to happen? Then it seems to vanish into a mere instant. Are future events completely unreal? Or are they just the things we can't know yet? Is time unreal, as many philosophers have thought?

Columbia University's Dave Albert joins John and Ken of Stanford U. for a fascinating hour. "

another OOPS this blog post should have gone in over here, being about philosophy,
instead it is duplicated in
GENEALOGE because the blog this button defaults to the last blog posted to - and before breakfast I was not too quick thinking.

Any way thanks to Kirby Urner over in our group "wittgenstein-dialognet
for pointing me at this web radio archive of philosophy

more good Kirbiania Grain of Sand and BizMo Diaries and Control Room
and Kirby links to Grunch Home:
"There is no dictionary word for an army of invisible giants, one thousand miles tall, with their arms interlinked, girding the planet Earth. Since there exists just such an invisible, abstract, legal-contrivance army of giants, we have invented the word GRUNCH as the group designation - 'a grunch of giants.' GR-UN-C-H, which stands for annual GROSS UNIVERSE CASH HEIST, pays annual dividends of over one trillion U.S. dollars.

As world society divests itself of that which experimental evidence demonstrates to be untrue and embracingly enters into its computer the mathematical formulae of all that can be experimentally proven to be true, all the socially, selfishly malignant characteristics of the giant may vanish and the omni-pro-social-advantage-producing capabilities may prevail and flourish."

-- R.Buckminster Fuller, Grunch of Giants, 1983

Friday, July 08, 2005

Onkel Otto Shop - Service | Der hr | hr

Onkel Otto Shop - Service | Der hr | hr: "hr werbung gmbh
Onkel Otto Shop
Bertramstraße 8
60320 Frankfurt am Main "

It should have been
Die schönsten Bahnstrecken Deutschlands
Moseltalbahn: Koblenz - Saarbrücken

but we got a short ride on a tram

Tram Frankfurt (Oder)

strassenbahn straßenbahn

Regiotram auf Jungfernfahrt | Nachrichten | hr

straßenbahnähnliche Zug

I can't get closer
ARD TV chanaged the program but not the text tv :-(

Electronic Frontier Foundation

EFF: Homepage

EFF: Bloggers' Legal Guide - All Questions: "an index of all the questions in the Bloggers FAQ."

What is fair use?

There are no hard and fast rules for fair use (and anyone who tells you that a set number of words or percentage of a work is "fair" is talking about guidelines, not the law). The Copyright Act sets out four factors for courts to look at (17 U.S.C. § 107):

The purpose and character of the use.
Transformative uses are favored over mere copying. Non-commercial uses are also more likely fair.

The nature of the copyrighted work. Is the original factual in nature or fiction?
Published or unpublished?
Creative and unpublished works get more protection under copyright, while using factual material is more often fair use.

The amount and substantiality of the portion used.
Copying nearly all of a work, or copying its "heart" is less likely to be fair.
The effect on the market or potential market. This factor is often held to be the most important in the analysis, and it applies even if the original is given away for free.

If you use the copied work in a way that substitutes for the original in the market, it's unlikely to be a fair use; uses that serve a different audience or purpose are more likely fair.

Linking to the original may also help to diminish the substitution effect. Note that criticism or parody that has the side effect of reducing a market may be fair because of its transformative character.

In other words, if your criticism of a product is so powerful that people stop buying the product, that doesn't count as having an "effect on the market for the work" under copyright law.

US law

Tuesday, July 05, 2005

duncan Richter reccomends these Wittgenstein Links

Wittgenstein Links: "Wittgenstein Links

I have attempted to collect here a representative selection of materials on the web relating to Ludwig Wittgenstein. If you know of any other relevant things that you feel I should include, then please let me know.


Duncan Richter: 'Ludwig Wittgenstein (1889-1951)'. From the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy; rather close to my own views.

David Pears: 'Wittgenstein'. From the Blackwell Companion to Philosophy; surprisingly objective when one thinks of his books.

Norman Malcolm: 'Wittgenstein, Ludwig (Josef Johann)'. From the Encyclopaedia Britannica; coloured by Malcolm's own interpretations.

Diego Compagna: 'Wittgenstein, Ludwig Josef Johann'. From the Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon.

Anonymous: 'Wittgenstein, Ludwig'. From the Østerreich-Lexikon."
and many many more

Friday, July 01, 2005

Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus Lugwig Wittgenstein

Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus: "Hypertext of the Ogden bilingual edition "

I love this site

Google Search: Wittgenstein tractatus

Google Search: Wittgenstein site:no

Wittgenstein Archives at the University of Bergen