: "Don't worry, it is quite simple. There are basically three philosophic tendencies that carry the name solipsism. To cut a long (very long) story short I will try to describe the 'reality/metaphysical solipsism' or 'subjective idealism' meant in this campaign (as opposed to 'egoism' and 'knowledge / epistemological solipsism') in my own, simple words. I am not a philosopher and it's actually quite easy for anyone to comprehend."
solipsism: Definition and Much More From Answers.com
1 The theory that the self is the only thing that can be known and verified.
2 The theory or view that the self is the only reality.
Google Search: solipsism
Solipsism vs Nihilism
There are a number of questions here, I think, run together.
1. Can an individual invent a language that only he understands?
2. Do each of us mean the same thing by a certain word?
3. Does a person have a privileged access to his experience?
As I suggested above, solipsism may be the unhappy consequence of trying to give
a "Yes" answer question 2 and a "No" answer to 3.
Solipsism and the Problem of Other Minds [Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy] which site seems to be down at the time of writing
see also Google Search: site:plato.stanford.edu solipsism
Simone de Beauvoir
There are some thinkers who are, from the very beginning, unambiguously identified as philosophers (e.g., Plato). There are others whose philosophical place is forever contested (e.g., Nietzsche); and there are those who have gradually won the right to be admitted into the philosophical fold. Simone de Beauvoir is one of these belatedly acknowledged philosophers. Identifying herself as an author rather than as a philosopher and calling herself the midwife of Sartre's existential ethics rather than a thinker in her own right, Beauvoir's place in philosophy has only recently been secured.
The Ethics of Ambiguity,
puiblished in 1947, redeploys concepts of canonical philosophical figures. Here Beauvoir takes up the phenomenologies of Husserl and Hegel to provide an analysis of intersubjectivity that accepts the singularity of the existing individual without allowing that singularity to justify an epistemological solipsism, an existential isolationism, or an ethical egoism. The Hegel drawn on here is the Hegel who resolves the inequalities of the master slave relationship through the justice of mutual recognition. The Husserl appealed to is the Husserl who introduced Beauvoir to the thesis of intentionality.
Beauvoir's Ethics of Ambiguity
is a secular humanism which rejects both the ideas of God and Humanity.
I am going to order this on inter library loan next
Works by Beauvoir in French alas my french is not good enough
1943, L'Invitée, Paris: Gallimard.
1944, Pyrrhus et Cinéas, Paris: Gallimard.
1945, "La Phénoménologie de la perception de Maurice Merleau-Ponty", Les Temps modernes, 1:363-67.
1945, Le Sang des autres, Paris: Gallimard.
1945, Les Bouches inutiles, Paris: Gallimard.
1946, "Littérature et métaphysique", Les Temps modernes, 1:1153-63.
1946, Tous les homes sont mortels, Paris: Gallimard.
1947, Pour une morale de l'ambigüité, Paris: Gallimard.
1948, L'Amerique au jour le jour, Paris: Editions Paul Marihein.
1948, L'Existentialisme et la sagesse des nations, Paris: Nagel.
1949, Le Deuxième sexe, Paris: Gallimard.
1951, "Faut-il brûler Sade?", Les Temps modernes, 74:1002-33.
1952, "Faut-il brûler Sade?", Les Temps modernes, 75:1197-230.
1954, Les Mandarins, Paris: Gallimard.
1955, "Merleau-Ponty et pseudo-sartrisme", Les Temps modernes, 10:2072-122.
1955, Privilèges, Paris: Gallimard.
1957, La Longue marche, essai sur la Chine, Paris: Gallimard.
1958, Mémoires d'une jeune fille rangée, Paris: Gallimard.
1960, La Force de l'âge, Paris: Gallimard.
1962, "Preface", in Djamila Boupacha, S. de Beauvoir and G. Halimi, Paris: Gallimard.
1963, La Force des choses, Paris: Gallimard.
1964, "Preface", in La Bâtarde, V. Leduc, Paris: Gallimard.
1964, Une Mort très douce, Paris: Gallimard.
1965, "Que peut la littérature?", Le Monde, 249:73-92.
1966, "Preface", in Tréblinka, J. Steiner, Paris: Fayard.
1966, Les Belles images, Paris: Gallimard.
1967, La Femme rompue, Paris: Gallimard.
1970, La Vieillesse, Paris:Gallimard.
1972, Tout compte fait, Paris: Gallimard.
1979, Quand prime le spiritual, Paris: Gallimard.
1979, "Mon expérience d'écrivain (September 1966)", in Les Écrits de Simone de Beauvoir, C. Francis and F. Gontier, Paris: Gallimard.
1981, La Cérémonie des adieux, suivi de Entretiens avec Jean-Paul Sartre, Août-Septembre 1974, Paris: Gallimard.
1985, "Preface", in Shoah, C. Lanzmann, Paris: Fayard.
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Works by Beauvoir in English
1927, 4e cahier, holograph manuscript, transcribed by H. Klaw, S. Le Bon de Beauvoir, and M. A. Simons, translated by M. A. Simons, Paris: Bibliotheque Nationale.
1928-29, Carnet 6, holograph manuscript, transcribed by M. A. Simons, translated by M. A. Simons, Paris: Bibliotheque Nationale.
1929-31, Carnet 7, holograph manuscript, transcribed by M. A. Simons, translated by M. A. Simons, Paris: Bibliotheque Nationale.
1952, America by Day, translated by P. Dudley, London: Duckworth.
1953, Must We Burn Sade?, translated by A. Michelson, London: Peter Neville.
1955, All Men Are Mortal, translated by L. M. Friedman, Cleveland, Ohio: World Publishing.
1958, The Long March, translated by A. Wainhouse, Cleveland: World.
1962, "Preface", in Djamila Boupacha: The Story of the Torture of a Young Algerian Girl Which Shocked Liberal French Opinion, G. Halimi, translated by P. Green, London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson.
1965, "Preface" in La Bâtarde, V. Leduc, translated by D. Coleman, New York: Riverhead Books.
1966, A Very Easy Death, translated by P. O'Brian, New York: Putnam.
1969, The Woman Destroyed, translated by P. O'Brian, New York: Putnam. Novel.
1972, Coming of Age, translated by P. O'Brian, New York: Putnam.
1972, Old Age, translated by P. O'Brian, London: Andre Deutsch
I read this in the Penguin edition, and Old Age is the most wonderful preparation for growing old and a warning too!
Then I gave my copy to my mother
"Do you think I am old ?" was her useless reaction.
1974, All Said and Done, translated by P. O'Brian, New York: Putnam.
1976, Ethics of Ambiguity, translated by B. Frechtman, New York: Citadel Press.
1982, When Things of The Spirit Come First, translated by P. O'Brian, New York: Pantheon Books.
1983, Who Shall Die?, translated by C. Francis and F. Gontier, Florissant, Missouri: River Press.
1983, The Blood of Others, translated by R. Senhouse and Y. Moyse, New York: Pantheon Books.
1984, Adieux: A Farewell to Sartre, translated by P. O'Brian, New York: Pantheon Books.
1984, She Came to Stay, translated by Y. Moyse and R. Senhouse, London: Fontana.
1984, The Second Sex, translated by H. M. Parshely, Harmondsworth: Penguin.
I am surprised by the late date, I think I read this edition in the sixties, and it was certainly critical in my continuing development
THE BRITISH LIBRARY - The world's knowledge
Simone de Beauvoir 374 hits in the new integrated catalogue and 17 as author all in english
c 1972 is listed for London publication of The Second Sex,
1986, The Mandarins, translated by L. M. Friedman, London: Fontana.
1987, Memoirs of a Dutiful Daughter, translated J. Kirkup, Harmondsworth: Penguin.
1989, "Merleau-Ponty and Pseudo-Sartreanism", translated by V. Zaytzeff and F. Morrison, International Studies in Philosophy 21.3: 3-48.
1991, Letters to Sartre, translated by W. Hoare, New York: Arcade.
1992, Force of Circumstance: The Autobiography of Simone de Beauvoir, translated by R. Howard, New York: Paragon House.
1992, The Prime of Life: The Autobiography of Simone de Beauvoir, translated by P. Green, New York: Paragon.
1998, A Transatlantic Love Affair: Letters to Nelson Algren, translated by S. Le Bon de Beauvoir, New York: New York Press.
2004, "Pyrrhus and Cineas", in Philosophical Writings, M. A. Simons, M. Timmerman, and M. B. Mader (eds.), Urbana: University of Illinois Press.
2004, "A Review of Phenomenology of Perception by Merleau-Ponty", in Philosophical Writings, M. A. Simons, M. Timmerman, and M. B. Mader (eds.), Urbana: University of Illinois Press.
I have also had pleasure reading some travel diaries and he journey to scandinavia with Sartre.